Research Paper Volume 14, Issue 12 pp 5195—5210
POC1A, prognostic biomarker of immunosuppressive microenvironment in cancer
- 1 Department of Thoracic Surgery, The Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050011, China
- 2 Department of Pharmacy, The Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050011, China
Received: March 6, 2022 Accepted: June 14, 2022 Published: June 23, 2022https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.204141
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Copyright: © 2022 Zhao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
POC1 centriolar protein A (POC1A) effect in pan-cancer remains uncertain. The POC1A expression in normal and tumor tissues underwent analysis in this study utilizing data from the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) project and the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. POC1A prognostic value and clinicopathological features were assessed utilizing the TCGA cohort. The relationship between immunological cell infiltration and POC1A of TCGA samples downloaded from TIMER2 and ImmuCellAI databases were observed. The relation between POC1A and immunological checkpoints genes, microsatellite instability (MSI) as well as tumor mutation burden (TMB) was also evaluated. Additionally, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was utilized for exploring POC1A potential molecular mechanism in pan-cancer. In almost all 33 tumors, POCA1 showed a high expression. In most cases, high POC1A expression was linked significantly with a poor prognosis. Additionally, Tumor immune infiltration and tumors microenvironment were correlated with the expression of POC1A. In addition, TMB and MSI, as well as immune checkpoint genes in pan-cancer, were related to POC1A expression. In GSEA analysis, POC1A is implicated in cell cycle and immune-related pathways. These results might elucidate the crucial roles of POC1A in pan-cancer as a prognostic biomarker and immunotherapy target.
ACC: Adrenocortical carcinoma; BLCA: Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma; BRCA: Breast invasive carcinoma; CESC: Cervical squamous cell carcinoma and endocervical adenocarcinoma; CHOL: Cholangiocarcinoma; COAD: Colon adenocarcinoma; DLBC: Lymphoid Neoplasm Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma; ESCA: Esophageal carcinoma; GBM: Glioblastoma multiforme; HNSC: Head and Neck squamous cell carcinoma; KICH: Kidney Chromophobe; KIRC: Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma; KIRP: Kidney renal papillary cell carcinoma; LAML: Acute Myeloid Leukemia; LGG: Lower Grade Glioma; LIHC: Liver hepatocellular carcinoma; LUAD: Lung adenocarcinoma; LUSC: Lung squamous cell carcinoma; MESO: Mesothelioma; OV: Ovarian serous cystadenocarcinoma; PAAD: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma; PCPG: Pheochromocytoma and Paraganglioma; PRAD: Prostate adenocarcinoma; READ: Rectum adenocarcinoma; SARC: Sarcoma; SKCM: Skin Cutaneous Melanoma; STAD: Stomach adenocarcinoma; TGCT: Testicular Germ Cell Tumor; THCA: Thyroid carcinoma; THYM: Thymoma; UCEC: Uterine Corpus Endometrial Carcinoma; UCS: Uterine Carcinosarcoma; UVM: Uveal Melanoma.