Figure 5. BMSC-CCM treatment enhanced LPP of rats under VD. Measurement and quantification of LPP in three rat groups. Data are shown as means ± standard deviation (SD). *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001. BMSC-CCM, bone marrow stem cell-concentrated conditioned medium; LPP, leak point pressure; VD, vaginal distention; red arrow: urinary leakage; VD + C, VD + control medium group; VD + CCM, VD + BMSC-CCM group.