Figure 5. Effect of BCCAO microbiota on hippocampal neuronal plasticity. (A) Representative confocal microscopic images of the Golgi-stained hippocampal regions in micecontrol and miceBCCAO. (B) Mean dendritic spine densities of the hippocampal neurons based on the analysis of Golgi-stained brain tissue sections of micecontrol and miceBCCAO. (C) Protein levels of synaptophysin (SYP) and PSD95 in the hippocampal region. *denotes P < 0.05 and ** denotes P < 0.01 compared to control mice using unpaired Student`s t-tests. All values are expressed as means ± S.D; n=15.