Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 6 pp 8916—8928

Protective effects of ginseng stem-leaf saponins on D-galactose-induced reproductive injury in male mice


Figure 1. Effects of GSLS on body weight and liver and kidney function. (A) body weight; (B) alanine-aminotransferase (ALT); (C) aspartate-aminotransferase (AST); and (D) uric acid (UA); (E) serum creatinine (Scr). All data are represented as mean ± SEM (n = 6). *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01 compared to the NG; #p < 0.05, ##p < 0.05 compared to the MG. NG: normal group, MG: D-gal model group, GS-L: D-gal + low dosage of GSLS group, GS-H: D-gal + high dosage of GSLS group.